Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory condition affecting the face. It is prevalent amongst fair-skinned individuals between the ages of 20 to 60 years. The symptoms can be characterised by facial flushing or redness, visible blood vessels, papules, pustules and severe cases rhinophyma (nose becomes enlarged and reddened).
Flushing due to spicy food, alcohol, weather changes, sun, hot showers etc, often have a negative impact on the patients’ social life. Stinging, burning, sensitivity of the skin and intolerance to cosmetics are also very common and in some cases the eyes can become red, dry and itchy.
There are several different types of rosacea and various treatments for these different types. Your doctor may suggest prescription drugs and over-the-counter medications. Some of these will be applied directly to the skin, while others are pills or capsules that are meant to be swallowed. In some cases laser treatments may be used to reduce the appearance of visible blood vessels. Your treatment will depend on the particular type of rosacea as well as the severity.