Eczema / Dermatitis

Eczema, or dermatitis, is a common skin condition where the skin is inflamed and becomes red, scaly and itchy. It can be due to a variety of different causes/triggers, and can have different patterns. It can occur in people of all ages, including children and older persons.

Dermatitis can be acute or chronic, and in some cases people can have areas of both. Dermatitis is not contagious – you cannot catch or spread it to others by touching them. However, if it becomes infected, the infection can be spread to others.

There is no cure for eczema, however it can be controlled and managed. Avoiding and tackling triggers, and treating flares early are most important for effective control. There are often several triggers contributing to a flare, and each trigger needs to be recognized for effective management.

In a small proportion of children, food allergy can be a relevant trigger for their eczema, but is rarely the primary trigger for flares. Unless a child has a severe, life-threatening allergy, it is important not to take on a significantly restricted diet without proper assessment and dietary guidance.